Educational Materials: Detailed Descriptions

Field Fumigation
Pesticide Application Compendium, Vol. 9

Published 2009 · Publication 9005 · 121 pages

List of contents
How to order

Field Fumigation manual

Field Fumigation is a guide for understanding all aspects of fumigants and their application. This book provides an introduction to the fumigants, plus their physical and pest controlling properties. Safe application is the focus of this book. Health and environmental effects are also discussed and focus on issues particular to fumigants.

Recommended study guide

Field Fumigation is the official study guide for the Field Fumigation pesticide application exams (subcategory O) conducted by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR). Each chapter specifies the information you will need to know for the test (Knowledge Expectations) and is concluded with review questions and answers to test your knowledge. Includes photos, line drawings, and tables to illustrate important concepts in fumigation.

Addendum available (NEW)

In response to fumigant labeling requirements revised by U.S. EPA in 2011, California Department of Pesticide Regulation has prepared an addendum to the UC-published fumigant-category applicator study guide. The addendum gives information about the new label-driven requirements and describes how DPR's field soil fumigation certification program meets EPA's new soil fumigant training, testing, and label enforcement requirements. The addendum presents each of the newly required safety measures and is available for download from DPR. (PDF)

Pesticide Application Compendium

Field Fumigation is Volume 9 of the Pesticide Application Compendium. This series was originally written for professionals trying to meet California's tough applicator licensing requirements. It provides very useful information on all types of protective equipment and application procedures, with illustrations.

List of Contents

Chapter 1: Regulatory Requirements for Field Fumigation in California.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Licensing Requirements for Field Soil Fumigation, Subcategory O  ·  Understanding Pesticide Use Requirements  ·  Pesticide Labeling and Other Legal Use Requirements  ·  Nonattainment Areas  ·  Restricted Materials Permit Conditions  ·  Pesticide Use Reporting  ·  Notification and Posting  ·  Stewardship Programs  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 2: Fumigants.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Methyl Bromide  ·  Chloropicrin  ·  1,3-Dichloropropene  ·  Methyl Isothiocyanate Generators  ·  Carbon Disulfide Liberators  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 3: Preapplication Considerations.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Site Conditions for Successful Fumigation  ·  Soil Texture  ·  Soil Moisture  ·  Estimating Soil Water Content  ·  Soil Moisture Modifications  ·  Soil Tilth  ·  Temperature  ·  Plant Debris  ·  Avoiding Phytotoxicity  ·  Preapplication Regulations and Safety  ·  Application Buffer Zones and Setbacks  ·  Notice of Intent  ·  Field Posting  ·  Target Pests and Their Life Cycles  ·  Plant Pathogens  ·  Armillaria Root Rot  ·  Verticillium Wilt  ·  Root Dieback (Forking and Stubbing) in Carrots  ·  Phytophthora Crown Rot in Strawberries  ·  Anthracnose in Strawberries  ·  Weeds  ·  Nematodes  ·  Root Knot Nematodes  ·  Root Lesion Nematodes  ·  Ring Nematode  ·  Cyst Nematodes in Cole Crops  ·  Nematode Management  ·  Arthropods  ·  Root Beetles  ·  Wireworms  ·  Garden Symphylans  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 4: Application Methods.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Equipment  ·  Pumps  ·  Positive Displacement Pumps  ·  Centrifugal Pumps  ·  Venturi Injectors  ·  Valves  ·  Check Valves  ·  Chemigation Valves  ·  Solenoid Valves  ·  Hydraulically Activated Valves  ·  Bypass Valves  ·  Nondraining Valves  ·  Purge Valves  ·  Metering Systems  ·  Electronic Metering Systems  ·  Chisels and Blades  ·  Safety Systems  ·  Closed Systems  ·  Backflow Prevention  ·  Electrical Interlock System  ·  Hydraulic Interlock System  ·  Application Examples  ·  Liquid Gas Injections: High-Pressure  ·  Liquid Chisel Injections: Low-Pressure  ·  Power Mulch or Rototiller Applications  ·  Chemigation Applications  ·  Monitoring the Application  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 5: Postfumigation Field Surface Treatment Methods.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Field Surface Treatment Methods  ·  Tarps  ·  Thickness  ·  Density  ·  Permeability  ·  Other Important Tarp Factors  ·  Applying Tarps and Sealing Edges  ·  Strip Fumigation  ·  Broadcast (Flat Field) Fumigation  ·  Water Treatments  ·  Mechanical Soil Treatments  ·  Tarp Repair Response Plan  ·  Postfumigation Activities  ·  Monitoring  ·  Tarp Removal  ·  Where to Find Current Information  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 6: Hazards Associated with Field Fumigation.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  How Fumigants Move in the Environment  ·  Movement in Air  ·  Movement in Water  ·  Groundwater  ·  Surface Water  ·  Movement and Persistence in the Soil  ·  Impacts of Fumigants on Air Quality  ·  Smog Formation  ·  Ozone Depletion in the Stratosphere  ·  Impacts on Nontarget Organisms  ·  Health Effects of Fumigants  ·  How Fumigants Enter the Body  ·  How People Are Exposed to Fumigants  ·  Handlers  ·  Field Workers and Other People Working in the Vicinity of Fumigations  ·  The Public and Other Bystanders  ·  Health Effects of Exposure  ·  Recognizing Specific Fumigant Poisoning Symptoms  ·  Methyl Bromide  ·  Chloropicrin  ·  Metam Sodium, Metam Potassium, and Dazomet (Including Basamid, Vapam, K-Pam, Sectagon, and Sectagon-K)  ·  1,3-Dichloropropene (Including Telone II, Telone C-35, and Inline)  ·  Carbon Disulfide Liberators (Enzone)  ·  Preventing Exposure  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 7: Protecting People and the Environment.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Information Sources  ·  Pesticide Label and Labeling  ·  Technical Information Bulletin  ·  Material Safety Data Sheet  ·  Pesticide Safety Information Series Leaflets  ·  Restricted Materials Permit  ·  Using Fumigants Safely  ·  Reading and Following Labels: Carrying Out Safety Precautions On Labels  ·  Signal Word  ·  Special Precautions  ·  Active Ingredients and Use Instructions  ·  Personal Protective Equipment  ·  Environmental Precautions  ·  Disposal  ·  Emergencies  ·  Basic Safety Information  ·  Personal Protective Equipment for the Applicator–How to Select, Fit, Care for, and Use  ·  Gloves  ·  Protective Eyewear  ·  Respiratory Protection  ·  Air Monitoring  ·  Chemical-Resistant Boots  ·  Coveralls  ·  Chemical-Resistant Aprons  ·  Chemical-Resistant Headgear  ·  Other Protective Measures  ·  Air-Dilution Fans on Tractors  ·  Work Hour Limits: Methyl Bromide  ·  Heat Illness  ·  Personal Hygiene  ·  Public And Environmental Safety  ·  Notification and Worksite Plans  ·  Buffer Zones  ·  Posting  ·  Weather Condition Restrictions: Wind and Inversions  ·  Preventing Drift  ·  Endangered Species Protections  ·  Precautions: Preventing Environmental Contamination and Protecting Human Health  ·  Safe Transport of Fumigants  ·  Safe Loading and Transferring  ·  Containers: Cylinders, Pigs, Mini Bulk, Tanks, and Nurse Tanks  ·  Storing Fumigants  ·  Cleaning Equipment  ·  Review Questions.
Chapter 8: Pesticide Emergencies.
  • Knowledge Expectations  ·  Preparing for Emergencies  ·  Accident Response Plan  ·  Handling Human Exposures  ·  Recognizing Exposure Situations  ·  Calling for Medical Assistance  ·  First Aid for Fumigant Emergencies  ·  Leaks and Spills  ·  Fires  ·  Misapplications and Handling Errors  ·  Review Questions.
Answers to All Review Questions
Further Reading

How to Order

This publication is available from the UC ANR Communication Services catalog. It is also available by mail, by telephone, or through the ANR sales offices and many UC County Cooperative Extension offices. For locations and more information, see "How to Order Publications.

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